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A brief Biography of Imam Marghinani1 min read

Burhān al-Dīn Abu’l-Ḥasan ‘Alī bin Abī Bakr bin ‘Abd al-Jalīl al-Farghānī al-Marghīnānī (Arabic: برهان الدين المرغيناني‎‎) was an Islamic scholar of the Hanafi school of jurisprudence. He was born in Marghinan near Farghana in 530/1135 (in present day Uzbekistan) He died in 593/1197. He is best known as the author of al-Hidayah, which is considered to be one of the most influential compendia of Hanafi jurisprudence (fiqh)

Life

 Al-Marghanini per­formed the Hajj and vis­ited Med­ina in the year 544 AH. He died on the 14th of Dhu’l-Hi­j­jah in the year 593 AH one re­port in­di­cates 596 AH and was buried in Samar­qand.

Works

 Al-Marghi­nani works (some ex­tant and oth­ers known only from lit­er­ary ref­er­ences) include:
  • Nashr al-madhhab
  • Kitab manasik al-hajj
  • Kitab fi-l-fara’id (also known as Fara’id al-‘Uthmani)
  • Kitab al-tajnis wa-l-mazid (collection of fatwas)
  • Mukhtarat al-nawazil (collection of fatwas, also known as Mukhtarat majmu` al-nawazil and Mukhtar al-fatawa)
  • Mazid fi furu‘ al-hanafiyya
  • A commentary on al-Shaybani’s al-Jami‘ al-kabir
  • Kitab bidayat al-mubtadi (his principle work, based on al-Quduri’s Mukhtasar and al-Shaybani’s al-Jami‘ al-saghir)
  • Kifayat al-muntaha (unfinished 8-volume commentary on his own Kitab bidayat al-mubtadi )
  • Al-Hidayah (“The Guide”), a work on Hanafi law and an abridgement of his commentary on Muhammad al-Shaybani’s al-Jami‘ al-Saghir.

Teachers

 Al-Marghi­nani’s most im­por­tant teach­ers were:
  • Najm al-din Abu Hafs Umar an-Nasafi, author of al-‘Aqa’id al-Nasafiyyah fi al-Tauhid;
  • Sadr al-Shahid Husam al-Din Umar bin Abd al-Aziz, the commentator of Adab al-Qadi, the most popular book of Imam Khassaf which contains the Islamic Legal and Judicial System.

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